Saffron uses in different industries such as Food , health & cosmetic and Pharmacy .
People use saffron most commonly for depression, anxiety, Alzheimer disease, menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea), and premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Saffron is also used for many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support many of these uses.
In foods, saffron is used as a spice, yellow food coloring, and as a flavoring agent.w
In manufacturing, saffron extracts are used as fragrance in perfumes and as a dye for cloth.
Other Uses Of saffron :
From antiquity to the present day, and all over the world, most of the saffron produced was, and is still used, in cooking. Its aroma is described by chefs and saffron specialists as resembling honey, but with metallic notes . Saffron is used in India, Iran, Spain and other countries as a condiment for rice. In Spanish cuisine, it is used in many dishes such as Paella Valenciana, a specialty made from rice, and zarzuela, made from fish. Saffron is also used in French bouillabaisse, a spicy fish soup, Italian Milanese risotto and saffron cake. Iranians use saffron in their national dish—chelow kabab. Indian cuisine uses saffron in its biryanis, traditional dishes made from rice. It is also used in some candies such as gulabjaman and kulfi . In Morocco, saffron is used in tea instead of mint, but also as a spice in the preparation of various traditional dishes including koftas (meatballs and tomatoes) or mrouzia (a sweet-salty dish made from mutton or dill). Saffron is also a central ingredient in the blend of chermoula herbs that perfume many Moroccan dishes .
The harmful effect of synthetic food dyes has led to their banning in some countries and the return to natural dyes. The use of saffron as much as an alternative dye is advantageous in the field of agro-food thanks to the high solubility of crocine in water . Thus, the powerful dyeing power of saffron—which could also be used in cosmetic—has been used for a long time to color butter, pasta, cheeses, and oleomargarines. The golden yellow color of saffron is used in painting, textiles. The saffron solutions remain largely stable in alkaline and acidic medium. This property is due to crocin pKa (acid dissociation constant), dicarboxylic acids, esters, and nitrogen compounds. Saffron buffers solutions reduce the oxidation of cellulose. Saffron continues to dye the clothes of Buddhist monks, silk, wool, and Oriental carpets. Natural dyes have better biodegradability and compatibility with the environment, lower toxicity and less allergenic than some of the synthetic dyes.
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