Dates are a tropical plant in the genus Palm, whose fruit is edible and has a hard core, thin skin and sweet taste that hangs in the form of large clusters from the branch and its leaves are large. The date species is widespread mainly in the northern hemisphere and in Iran, Pakistan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries bordering the Persian Gulf, as well as most of North Africa and the United States, and is also found in the southern hemisphere.
The unripe fruit of the date is called “Kharak” or Kong (and in Arabic, “Hababuk”). Rutab is the pre-ripening stage of dates that has more moisture and less sugar than fully ripe dates. Date fruit is one of the fruits that the whole part of it is meaty and contains nutrients. Dates have been in the human diet since ancient times and have been one of the oldest fruits grown by humans.
Dates contain 25% sucrose, 50% glucose, and albumin, biotin and water. In addition, it contains various vitamins such as vitamins A, B, C, E and some minerals.
We will explain the properties of dates and their benefits for the body in detail in the next posts. Famous types of dates consumed in the world can be named Mazafati, Zahedi, Kabkab, Piarom, Shahani, Sayer, Medjool, and more than 100 other types of dates.