Saffron is a small, bulbous and perennial plant that varies in height from 10 to 30 cm. From the middle of the brown onion of this plant, a number of long and narrow leaves and from the middle of its leaves, a flowering stem emerges, which leads to one to three purple or purple flowers. The saffron flower has three flags and a female leading to a reddish-orange stigma. The part we want is the end of the cream and stigma of the three branches, which is known as saffron and is very fragrant and a little bitter.
In general, saffron is a very valuable food that is obtained from a small amount of saffron flowers. In fact, from every 100,000 to 200,000 saffron plants, about 5 kg of saffron are obtained, and the weight of 5 kg of fresh saffron reaches one kilogram after drying.